Answer: Prints of the original map are reproductions produced from untouched digital files. These reproductions are very similar to the original maps and their quality is directly related to the condition of the original maps. Stray marks, tears, stains and soiling found on the original maps will appear on these untouched prints. Prints of the original are hard to distinguish from the original map.
Restored Prints are produced from digital files that have been manipulated to enhance the image including repairing, rips, tears and removing soiling that may have been present in the original maps. During this restoration process the digital are retouched to restore the image without physically altering the original map.
Before computers were available photos could be retouched using various techniques including airbrushes. More recently various photo-editing programs have come on the market – with adobe Photoshop being the standard program.
Answer: Both “prints of the original” and the “restored prints” are reprints or reproductions and are not the original map that provided the source material for creating a digital file. I use the term print to indicate a reproduction and reserve the term map for original maps. “Print of the original map” indicates that the original digital image was not altered, whereas the file of the restored print has been altered to repair the original image and adjusted to create a more attractive print.
Answer: The extra cost of the restored print is due to the time and skill that is required to restore the image as well as the additional costs of printing on heavy textured file arts paper. It can take between 30 minutes to a day to restore an individual map.
Answer: I use an Epson 7600 giclée printer.
Answer: Giclee printers use micro nozzles to spray the ink directly on the paper. The Epson printer uses fade-resistant, archival inks and multiple cartridges for variations of each color based on the CcMmYK color model (such as light magenta and light cyan inks in addition to regular magenta and cyan); this increases the apparent resolution and allows smoother gradient transitions.( Wikipedia )
Profiles allow the printer to match specific inks with a particular paper and the use of the correct ink with the selected textured paper allows the Ink migrate and simulates the same effect you would get by using watercolor.